Sublimation Printing Explained


Sublimation Printing Explained

Sublimation printing has become a popular and effective way to decorate apparel like blank t-shirts, hoodies, sweatshirts, and other polyester-rich f

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Sublimation printing has become a popular and effective way to decorate apparel like blank t-shirts, hoodies, sweatshirts, and other polyester-rich fabrics. Unlike screen printing which lays ink on top of the fabric, sublimation works by actually dying the fibers at the molecular level. This leads to colorful prints that are incredibly vibrant, soft, and durable. If you’re looking to elevate your apparel decoration with professional, photorealistic designs, sublimation is an excellent option. 

How Sublimation Printing Works

The sublimation process starts with printing the desired graphic onto coated transfer paper using specialized sublimation inks and a digital printer. This allows for precise, full-color images to be produced with photographic quality. The transfer paper is then firmly pressed against the polyester fabric using a heat press at high temperatures. When heat and pressure are applied, the sublimation inks turn into a gas that permeates and bonds permanently with the polyester fibers. The end result of this chemical reaction is that the colors essentially become part of the shirt, rather than sitting on the surface.

One of the keys to sublimation is using fabrics that contain at least 60% polyester. Natural fibers like cotton do not have the polymeric properties to bond with the sublimation inks. Polyester blends and high-performance fabrics like dry-fit athletic materials are ideal choices. The fibers absorb the gaseous dyes evenly to ensure vibrant colors and seamless prints.

Advantages of Sublimation Printing

There are several notable benefits to using the sublimation process for apparel printing compared to other decoration methods:

Vibrant, permanent colors – Since the inks bond at the molecular level, the colors will not fade, crack, or peel even after repeated washings. The prints remain bright for the lifetime of the garment.

Soft feel retained – Sublimation does not alter the look or feel of the fabric. It retains the same softness and stretch as the original material.

Range of colors – With sublimation’s advanced digital printing, it can produce virtually any color combination in the spectrum at photorealistic quality.

Fine details – The high dot count and dye penetration allow for sharp prints with fine details like faces, gradients, and small text.

Customization – Sublimation excels at short runs and customization since each print is made to order versus bulk screen printing.

Ideal for performance fabrics – The athletic wicking properties are not compromised, making sublimation perfect for activewear.

Environmentally friendly – It produces very little waste with no solvents, excess inks, or screens to dispose of.

Cost-effective – Sublimation is affordable for shorter print runs and one-off custom orders.

Limitations of Sublimation Printing

The biggest limitation with sublimation is the requirement for polyester fabric. Cotton t-shirts will only properly absorb the gaseous dyes if a special polymer coating is applied first. This coating process can increase costs compared to direct sublimation on polyester. For light or pastel-colored poly-cotton blends, the color results may also appear faded.

Sublimation printing also requires special equipment like a commercial heat press and airflow to vent the fumes. While sublimation allows for short print runs, it will generally be more expensive per print than high-volume screen printing orders. However, the ability to profitably produce customized, photorealistic prints makes sublimation ideal for lower quantity orders.


For decorators looking to take their apparel printing to the next level, sublimation offers vibrant, photorealistic prints that really make designs pop. Sublimation shines regarding short runs, custom designs, fine details, and performance fabrics. The permanence of the dyes and soft feel after printing ensure high-quality results wash after wash. With the right polyester-based fabrics and a professional heat press, sublimation is an excellent decoration technique for t-shirts, sports uniforms, fashion apparel, accessories, and more.